Nursing theories are often based on and influenced by broadly applicable processes and theories. Following theories are basic to many nursing concepts.

A. General System Theory:

It describes how to break whole things into parts and then to learn how the parts work together in " systems".These concepts may be applied to different kinds of systems, e.g.. Molecules in chemistry , cultures in sociology, organs in Anatomy and health in Nursing.

B. Adaptation Theory

It defines adaptation as the adjustment of living matter to other living things and to environmental conditions.Adaptation is a continuously occurring process that effects change and involves interaction and response.
Human adaptation occurs on three levels:
--- the internal ( self )
--- the social (others)
--- and the physical ( biochemical reactions )

C. Developmental Theory

It outlines the process of growth and development of humans as orderly and predictable, beg…

Stem Cells for Dummies ebook pdf

The term stem cell has made its way into general usage only in the past decade or so, and, to many people, stem cell research is a new, untested, and even frightening endeavor. In truth, though, everything researchers know today about stem cells — and stem cells’ potential for medical therapies — is built on centuries of observations and discoveries about biology in a broad array of organisms. Even the ancients knew that certain animals could grow new limbs, for example.
History is replete with stories (many undocumented) of transplants and other medical miracles dating from a time when the biological “cell” wasn’t even a concept, much less part of anyone’s vocabulary. In this chapter, we recap three separate but intertwined histories of research into how living things work. One is the history of ideas about regeneration, the ability to regrow body parts that are damaged through injury or disease.
Another is the history of discovering how certain traits are passed from one generation…

Nursing Care of The Pediatric Neurosurgery Patient

Nursing care of the pediatric neurosurgery patient and family can be extremely
challenging and extraordinarily rewarding. Cathy Cartwright and
Donna Wallace have edited a wonderful clinical resource to assist nurses in
meeting the challenges. More than 32 contributors from 15 medical centers
have shared their expertise in 12 chapters that delineate the etiology, pathophysiology,
clinical presentation, and management of the most common
neurosurgical problems. The text, tables, illustrations, photographs, radiographs,
scans, “pediatric pearls,” and “parent perspectives” combine to
clearly present the essential information about each problem.
The more complex the illness or injury, the greater the potential contribution
of the skilled and empathetic nurse to patient and family recovery.
To paraphrase a parent quoted in this book, each child with a neurosurgical
problem will have a unique life story. Although the child’s life
story will be affected by the neurosurgical problem, it will b…

Advanced Clinical Skills for GU Nurses

Poor sexual health is now a major public health issue in the UK, with all four
countries having a sexual health strategy, strategic framework or action plan
in place. The Government in England wishes to improve sexual health services,
with a focus on improving access.
All over the country nurses are working in new and innovative ways in
sexual and reproductive health. Many are working in advanced and specialist
clinical roles as independent practitioners and more creative posts are being
developed in the National Health Service to maximise optimum use of nurses’
skills. Several Nurse Consultant posts have now been developed in the speciality
of Genito Urinary Medicine (GUM).
With this important public health agenda in mind, this book provides a valuable
resource for nurses working towards, and at, advanced level in GUM, but
the content is also transferable and relevant to nurses working in non-acute
This book also provides a skill base for more junior nurses in GUM to aspir…

Nursing Diagnosis NANDA 2012 - 2014 free pdf

Nursing Diagnoses 2012 – 2014
Domain 1 – Health Promotion Domain 4 – Activity/ Rest Deficient diversional activity Insomnia Sedentary lifestyle Sleep deprivation Deficient community health Readiness for enhanced sleep Risk-prone health behavior Disturbed sleep pattern Ineffective health maintenance Risk for disuse syndrome Readiness for enhanced immunization status Impaired bed mobility Ineffective protection Impaired physical mobility Ineffective self-health management Impaired wheelchair mobility Readiness for enhanced self-health management Impaired transfer ability Ineffective family therapeutic regimen management Impaired walking Disturbed energy field
Domain 2 – Nutrition Fatigue Wandering Insufficient breast milk Activity intolerance Ineffective infant feeding pattern Risk for activity intolerance Imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements Ineffective breathing pattern Imbalanced nutrition: more than body requirements Decreased cardiac output Risk for imbalanced nutriti…

The GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA of Nursing & Allied Health

The Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health
is a medical reference product designed to inform and
educate readers about a wide variety of diseases, treatments,
tests and procedures, health issues, human biology,
and nursing and allied health professions. The Gale
Group believes the product to be comprehensive, but not
necessarily definitive. While the Gale Group has made
substantial efforts to provide information that is accurate,
comprehensive, and up-to-date, the Gale Group makes no
representations or warranties of any kind, including without
limitation, warranties of merchantability or fitness for
a particular purpose, nor does it guarantee the accuracy,
comprehensiveness, or timeliness of the information contained
in this product. Readers should be aware that the
universe of medical knowledge is constantly growing
and changing, and that differences of medical opinion
exist among authorities.

Nutrition A Handbook for Community Nurses pdf ebook

Nutritional Issues Highlighted in Saving Lives:
Our Healthier Nation The following are all areas highlighted by the Government in their
recent strategy document.

The Government has begun a series of meetings with the food
industry to explore ways of reducing the salt content of processed
foods. A number of major retailers have already taken action to
reduce the salt content of their own-brand products. Around 90%
of the salt we eat is derived from processed foods. Looking for lower
salt options in the supermarket, avoidance of adding salt during
cooking and use of alternative seasonings at the table can help to
reduce salt intake. It is important, however, to ensure that nutritional
messages are placed in context. It is recognised in the report
that salt is not the only factor that affects blood pressure. Reducing
excess alcohol intake and increasing physical activity are also highlighted
as being important.
Practical advice for those with high blood pressure should focus
on diet…