Clinical Drug Therapy: Rationales for Nursing Practice PDF


Introduction to Drug Therapy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1 Introduction to Pharmacology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
A Message to Students 2
Overview 2
Sources of Drugs 3
Drug Classifications and Prototypes 3
Drug Names 3
Drug Marketing 3
Pharmacoeconomics 4
Prescription and Nonprescription Drugs 4
Drug Approval Processes 4
Sources of Drug Information 7
Strategies for Studying Pharmacology 7
2 Basic Concepts and Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Overview 9
Cellular Physiology 9
Drug Transport Through Cell Membranes 10
Pharmacokinetics 10
Pharmacodynamics 15
Variables That Affect Drug Actions 17
Tolerance and Cross-Tolerance 20
Adverse Effects of Drugs 20
3 Administering Medications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Overview 29
General Principles of Accurate Drug Administration 29
Legal Responsibilities 30
Medication Errors 30
Medication Systems 31
Medication Orders 31
Drug Preparations and Dosage Forms 32
Calculating Drug Dosages 34
Routes of Administration 35
4 Nursing Process in Drug Therapy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Overview 47
Nursing Process in Drug Therapy 48
Integrating Nursing Process, Critical Paths and Drug Therapy 51
General Principles of Drug Therapy 59
xvii
xviii CONTENTS
SECTION 2
Drugs Affecting the Central Nervous System . . . . . . . . . . . 71
SECTION 3
Drugs Affecting the Autonomic Nervous System . . . . . . 260
SECTION 4
Drugs Affecting the Endocrine System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
SECTION 5
Nutrients, Fluids, and Electrolytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
SECTION 6
Drugs Used to Treat Infections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493
SECTION 7
Drugs Affecting Hematopoiesis and
the Immune System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 627
SECTION 8
Drugs Affecting the Respiratory System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 693
SECTION 9
Drugs Affecting the Cardiovascular System . . . . . . . . . . . 738
SECTION 10
Drugs Affecting the Digestive System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863
SECTION 11
Drugs Used in Special Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 912 

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